Want to know more about Carpets? Want to know about delivery times?
Below is a comprehensive FAQ section that should answer all your question.
PLEASE CHOOSE A SUBJECT
Want to know more about Carpets? Want to know about delivery times?
Below is a comprehensive FAQ section that should answer all your question.
PLEASE CHOOSE A SUBJECT
Free delivery on all orders over £95. Delivery fee of £12.95 for all orders under £95.
We strongly advise all customers to allow a minimum of 3 working days between delivery and fitting and suggest you do not book a fitter until your goods have been delivered and are to your satisfaction. In the unlikely event of a problem this will gives us time to fix it without inconvenience to you.
There is an additional £16.95 charge for delivery to these areas (see postcodes below) due to the remote location. Therefore total cost is £16.95 for orders over £95 or £29.90 for orders under £95. Please allow an additional 3-5 working days in addition to the delivery time frames quoted above.
AB1-AB5, AB9-AB16, AB21-AB25, AB30-AB39, AB41-AB45, AB51-AB56
IV1-IV28, IV30-IV36, IV40, IV50, IV52-IV54, IV65, KW1-KW3, KW5-KW14, PA36, PA38-PA40, PH17-PH26, PH30-PH50
Devon and Cornwall
TR, TQ, EX, PL
Sorry we do not offer delivery to offshore (non-mainland) addresses at this time. Any orders placed with delivery to these areas will be cancelled.
If we attempt to deliver your item on the pre-arranged delivery day and this cannot be completed because no-one is at the address to receive the items, a re-delivery charge will have to be applied.
The following Terms and Conditions will explain how we will deal with your order and you should read them carefully. They can be viewed at any time by clicking the Terms and Conditions link at the bottom of each page.
By purchasing through this website you are entering into a legally binding contract with us. This means that you and we have rights and obligations. If you are unsure of your rights and obligations now or at any time during the contract please seek independent advice.
The information on this website is given in good faith and Online Flooring and Beds Limited trading as Big Warehouse Sale cannot accept responsibility for any loss or damage arising from the information or its use or misuse.
Your consumer rights are different when you buy online. If you are under 18, you may use the Website only with the involvement of a parent or guardian.
Online payments may be made by Paypal using a debit or credit card. Payment using a debit or credit card is taken at the time you place your order and is processed using an independent company’s secure payment processing system. We do not see, or have access to, any of your payment card information.
We do not store credit card details nor do we share customer details with any 3rd parties.
Once you’ve placed your Order, we will acknowledge your Order immediately by email and confirm our acceptance within 48 hours. This is to inform you that we’ve received your Order and one of our agents will be processing it. It doesn’t mean that we have legally accepted your Order. Acceptance of your Order, and the completion of the Contract, will take place when we dispatch the Goods to You (or some of them if we’re delivering in installments).
You are responsible for all activities which occur under your customer username and password, save where such activities occur as a result of our negligence or fault.
The Goods displayed on the Website and information about the Goods and the prices on the Website are an invitation to place an Order only and do not constitute an offer by us to you to purchase the Goods subject to these conditions. When you place your online order you are inviting us to enter into a contract with you to supply the goods you have selected at the price indicated on the website and in your order form. When we receive your order we will send you an acknowledgement by email to the address you have supplied to confirm receipt and we will pass your order to our sales team for processing. This acknowledgment is neither an order confirmation nor an order acceptance by us.
If you have a valid discount voucher to redeem please enter the relevant code in the box when you proceed to checkout and the discount will be deducted.
We may list availability information for Goods sold by us on the Website, including throughout the Order process but cannot guarantee the availability of Goods listed on the Website.
Acknowledgement of your Order is not a guarantee by us of the availability of the Goods.
If you receive an acknowledgment email or confirmation email for an Order which you did not place, or if the details in the acknowledgment email or confirmation email do not match the Order which you placed, you must contact our customer services department at email@example.com or alternatively you can use the form on the Contact Us page or phone our helpline on 0845 226 8065 to cancel the Order or correct the details.
We do our utmost to ensure that all our web prices and descriptions are accurate and up to date but on rare occasions it is possible that errors may occur. Our sales team will check the details of your order and if we find that there is a pricing or other error we will notify you as soon as possible and give you the choice to proceed with your order at the correct price/specification or to cancel your order and obtain a full refund. If we do not receive a response to this notification within seven days we will cancel the order and issue a refund of your payment.
We aim to reproduce the colours of our products as accurately as possible but please be aware that there may be a variation in shade between the reproduction on your monitor or printer and the actual article. We supply samples of our carpets to assist with colour matching.
We quote the nominal sizes for the products we sell. These sizes are approximate and small variations may occur.
You are responsible for ensuring that the quantity of any floorcoverings ordered is sufficient for your room. If your room is close to the nominal width of the carpet please allow extra in case a join is required.
The samples provided to you are intended to give a general impression of the colour and pattern. When fitted to a larger area some patterns and apparently random blends of yarn can have an inherent striped effect, or additional patterns and colours which may not be obvious from the sample. Colours vary from batch to batch and exact matching between separate pieces (especially 4m and 5m rolls) cannot be guaranteed.
All carpets are cut at 10cm intervals with a minimum order length of 30cm. All sizes are approximate and within a tolerance of plus or minus 1.25% in accordance with BS3655
During transportation and storage pile may become slightly crushed and this will show as shaded bands across the pile. These will disappear as the carpet settles in to its new environment and as the pile is flexed through regular use and vacuum cleaning.
Carpets and rugs are soft, luxurious products and flattening of the pile will occur as a natural result of use. Flattening will change the apparent colour of the carpet (“shading”), may be permanent (“pile reversal”), and this may appear to be random, but this is not a fault. Areas where foot traffic twists and turns are especially prone to such changes in appearance. The sides of the pile appear a slightly different shade in colour to the ends and so any change in angle or direction of the pile may change the apparent colour of the carpet and this may be patchy. Such changes do not alter the durability of the carpet.
All carpets benefit from the use of a good quality underlay. Re-using existing underlay may result in abnormal flattening of the pile.
Gripper pins can be felt through a carpet close to skirting boards and stair risers, etc. This is normal, but as part of the fitting process and if requested to do so the fitter can flatten the pins. This will affect whether or not the gripper can be re-used.
We recommend the use of vacuum cleaners with rotating brushes on cut pile carpets but suction-only for loop pile carpets.
We recommend that all carpets and rugs are professionally cleaned periodically. The frequency will depend on the level of soiling, but should be done before soiling becomes ingrained into the pile fibres.
Spillages should be blotted up immediately. A proprietary carpet shampoo may be used for spot cleaning in accordance with the shampoo manufacturers’ instructions, but this should be tested before use in an inconspicuous area to ensure it will not harm the pile. Care should be taken not to scrub or agitate the pile which could cause it to lighten in colour. If in doubt, consult a professional cleaning company. For further information on care and maintenance see our Care and Maintenance Guides.
We are responsible for ensuring that the goods we supply are of satisfactory quality, conform to the sample and are fit for the purpose for which they are sold. Certain products have additional guarantees provided by us or the manufacturer. Where they are provided by the manufacturer we accept no responsibility for these additional warranties or guarantees.
When ordering from Bigwarehouse Sale via the website or over the phone you have a right to;
Some products are excluded from this policy for example items which are cut to your bespoke size. You will be responsible for the condition of the goods and for their reasonable care whilst they are in your possession. Please note you will be responsible for the organisation and cost of returning the item(s) to us. All items must be returned in the same packaging and condition in which they were received by you.
In the unlikely event that you receive faulty or damaged goods, please contact us prior to cutting and/or fitting the item(s) and we will arrange for the faulty or damaged goods to be collected and replaced. Unfortunately if any ordered item is removed from it’s original condition (for example cut and fitted) we will be unable to replace the item(s).
After this statutory fourteen day ‘cooling off’ period, you have the protection of your statutory rights. If you are unsure of your rights, please do not hesitate to seek advice from Trading Standards or other advisory body.
Big Warehouse Sale takes data protection very seriously. All data is stored and treated with complete confidentiality and in accordance with the legal provisions of the Data Protection Act 1998.
The policy sets out the different areas where user privacy is concerned and outlines the obligations & requirements of the users, the website and website owners. Furthermore the way this website processes, stores and protects user data and information will also be detailed within this policy.
This website and its owners take a proactive approach to user privacy and ensure the necessary steps are taken to protect the privacy of its users throughout their visiting experience. This website comply’s to all UK national laws and requirements for user privacy.
We do not store credit card details nor do we share customer details with any 3rd parties.
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Users are advised that if they wish to deny the use and saving of cookies from this website on to their computers hard drive they should take necessary steps within their web browsers security settings to block all cookies from this website and its external serving vendors.
Other cookies may be stored to your computers hard drive by external vendors when this website uses referral programs, sponsored links or adverts. Such cookies are used for conversion and referral tracking and typically expire after 30 days, though some may take longer. No personal information is stored, saved or collected.
Users contacting this website and/or its owners do so at their own discretion and provide any such personal details requested at their own risk. Your personal information is kept private and stored securely until a time it is no longer required or has no use, as detailed in the Data Protection Act 1998. Every effort has been made to ensure a safe and secure form to email submission process but advise users using such form to email processes that they do so at their own risk.
This website and its owners use any information submitted to provide you with further information about the products / services they offer or to assist you in answering any questions or queries you may have submitted. This includes using your details to subscribe you to any email newsletter program the website operates but only if this was made clear to you and your express permission was granted when submitting any form to email process. Or whereby you the consumer have previously purchased from or enquired about purchasing from the company a product or service that the email newsletter relates to. This is by no means an entire list of your user rights in regard to receiving email marketing material. Your details are not passed on to any third parties.
This website operates an email newsletter program, used to inform subscribers about products and services supplied by this website. Users can subscribe through an online automated process should they wish to do so but do so at their own discretion. Some subscriptions may be manually processed through prior written agreement with the user.
Subscriptions are taken in compliance with UK Spam Laws detailed in the Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations 2003. All personal details relating to subscriptions are held securely and in accordance with the Data Protection Act 1998. No personal details are passed on to third parties nor shared with companies / people outside of the company that operates this website. Under the Data Protection Act 1998 you may request a copy of personal information held about you by this website’s email newsletter program. A small fee will be payable. If you would like a copy of the information held on you please write to the business address at the bottom of this policy.
Email marketing campaigns published by this website or its owners may contain tracking facilities within the actual email. Subscriber activity is tracked and stored in a database for future analysis and evaluation. Such tracked activity may include; the opening of emails, forwarding of emails, the clicking of links within the email content, times, dates and frequency of activity [this is by no far a comprehensive list].
This information is used to refine future email campaigns and supply the user with more relevant content based around their activity.
In compliance with UK Spam Laws and the Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations 2003 subscribers are given the opportunity to un-subscribe at any time through an automated system. This process is detailed at the footer of each email campaign. If an automated un-subscription system is unavailable clear instructions on how to un-subscribe will by detailed instead.
Although this website only looks to include quality, safe and relevant external links, users are advised adopt a policy of caution before clicking any external web links mentioned throughout this website.
The owners of this website cannot guarantee or verify the contents of any externally linked website despite their best efforts. Users should therefore note they click on external links at their own risk and this website and its owners cannot be held liable for any damages or implications caused by visiting any external links mentioned.
This website may contain sponsored links and adverts. These will typically be served through our advertising partners, to whom may have detailed privacy policies relating directly to the adverts they serve.
Communication, engagement and actions taken through external social media platforms that this website and its owners participate on are custom to the terms and conditions as well as the privacy policies held with each social media platform respectively.
Users are advised to use social media platforms wisely and communicate / engage upon them with due care and caution in regard to their own privacy and personal details. This website nor its owners will ever ask for personal or sensitive information through social media platforms and encourage users wishing to discuss sensitive details to contact them through primary communication channels such as by telephone or email.
This website may use social sharing buttons which help share web content directly from web pages to the social media platform in question. Users are advised before using such social sharing buttons that they do so at their own discretion and note that the social media platform may track and save your request to share a web page respectively through your social media platform account.
This website and its owners through their social media platform accounts may share web links to relevant web pages. By default some social media platforms shorten lengthy urls [web addresses] (this is an example: http://bit.ly/zyVUBo).
Users are advised to take caution and good judgement before clicking any shortened urls published on social media platforms by this website and its owners. Despite the best efforts to ensure only genuine urls are published many social media platforms are prone to spam and hacking and therefore this website and its owners cannot be held liable for any damages or implications caused by visiting any shortened links.
July 2014 Edited & customised by: Big Warehouse Sale
Big Warehouse Sale offers a Price Matching service – this means if you find a product from another comparable online retailer that is cheaper than on our website, we promise to do our best to match their price, so you get the best deal.
NOTE: Price matching is on a ‘Like for like’ basis, meaning that the supplier offering the cheaper price must also offer the same services as we do, like free delivery. The item must be a stock item and it must be available for immediate delivery. The item must not be on sale. We do not offer price matching on any of our pre order items, only on our stock items.
The decision to buy new carpet is difficult – especially when buying on-line – so we offer a FREE SAMPLE service. This will allow you to physically touch and feel the carpet quality for yourself.
While viewing the site, every carpet has an ‘add sample’ button – click this and a sample request will be added to your basket. You can request up to FIVE free samples to be delivered to your address, absolutely free!
Often the best approach is to make a rough sketch the layout of the room(s) you wish to carpet.
Take your metal tape measure and measure the width and length of the room from the furthest skirting boards. If your room changes shape at all, then opt for measuring at the widest and longest points to get the most accurate measurement. Where there’s a door involved, measure from the skirting board on the other side of the room to where the carpet will finish underneath the door area.
When you come to purchase carpets, it’s always better to go for a size that is slightly bigger than the area you need. Although there will be a little bit of wastage this way (although you can always save the offcuts and use them in your garage, loft or shed, or even as mats), this will help ensure you have more than enough carpet to fill the space. Its advised to then add 75mm (3in) to each measurement to allow for fitting.
• Don’t forget to account for alcoves, bay windows and doorways when measuring.
• If carpet is to run in one continuous piece, take the combined total length and width of all rooms to calculate the total square metres of carpet (total length x total width)
• If the carpet cannot cover all rooms continuously, or door bars are to cover breaks between rooms, calculate square metres for each room and then add these together
• Carpet is laid in a single piece wherever possible, unlike a floor covering such as carpet tiles, therefore to accommodate corners and nooks in the layout of a room there is often some considerable wastage.
• Carpet manufacturers often produce rolls of carpet to just a few standard widths, most commonly up to 3660mm (12ft) wide, and more rarely up to 4570mm (15ft) wide.
• Try to avoid placing seams in thoroughfares.
• Carpet pattern and pile must be matched to ensure they run in the same direction.
Carpet is a cloth backing material with yarn arranged in a vertical position to form the pile. The backing material serves as an anchorage for the pile which forms the upper surface of the carpet.
Basically, carpets can be split into two main complimentary components:
a) Pile forming yarn – To walk on
b) Backing material – To secure and support the pile.
A secondary backing is sometimes used to give additional stability.
When carpets are laid, or displayed only the pile is visible but it should not be forgotten that the backing material is equally important and influences both the quality and of the finished product.
There are various methods of inserting and securing the pile yarn into the backing during manufacturing but essentially these methods can be divided into two categories:
• None woven, such as: Tufting (including loop-pile tufting), Needlepunch, Bonded.
The traditional method of manufacturing carpets is by simultaneously weaving the backing cloth and pile yarns and looms.
Cotton backing thread is first stretched along the length of the loom. These threads are called chain warps.
Thicker backing thread is then interlaced across the widths of the loom by a ‘shuttle’.
These threads are called wefts.
The vertical pile yarn is introduced around each weft shot which is compacted by a comb like device called the reed. This action is called beating-up and ensures that the weft is firmly compacted at exact right angles to the warp.
Additional warps, called stuffer warps, are often added. These are thicker and straighter than chain warps and improve strength and rigidity.
All conventional woven carpet is produced by either the Axminster or Wilton weaving process. Both types consist of warps, wefts and pile- the difference really lies in the manner in which the material is woven and the design of the looms used.
The names Axminster and Wilton are derived from the English towns where the processes first originated and are now used throughout the world to describe the type of weaves used.
Axminsters are woven on looms which lock the tufts into a warp and weft and makes the backing at the same time.
A synthetic adhesive finish is then often applied to the woven carpet backing to hold the tufts more securely to prevent detufting.
The pile fibre is often wool or a blend of wool with nylon but there are quite a number of Axminster carpets with synthetic fibres.
Axminster carpets range from high to low prices.
One of the great advantages of the Axminster carpet is the large number of colours that can be woven into the design.
Wiltons are woven on looms similar to cloth looms. They may be plain or patterned.
Unlike an Axminster the yarn of a Wilton is not cut off where a particular colour does not appear.
Instead some of the pile yarn is woven into the backing of the carpet (dead yarn), adding to the firmness and the quality of the carpet.
Wilton carpets are based on the ‘Brussels’ method which the Flemish weavers brought to England in the 18th Century and can be used for carpets of one to six colours.
Patterned Wiltons are relatively expensive because the dead yarn buried in the body of the carpet has to be paid for. This is not wasted as it gives the carpets the increased weight and quality for which they are noted.
The pile fibres used are the same as used in Axminster.
The term non-woven is applied to all carpets which are not produced by weaving, but by inserting the pile into a pre-manufactured backing.
Until the 1940’s all carpet was traditionally woven but today, non-woven carpets account for 90% of the UK carpet industry.
The main non-woven manufacturing process is tufting, but modern fibre technology has permitted the development of other products, including bonded, needle punch and flocked carpets.
Tufted carpets were introduced from the USA after the Second World War.
The principles of their manufacture are based on threading cotton fibre through loosely woven material, producing a tufted appearance.
This developed into the machine production of ‘tufted’ fabrics.
Tufted carpets are relatively inexpensive as they can be produced at a much faster rate.
In tufting, the base cloth or primary backing is pre-manufactured separately as a woven or bonded cloth in polypropylene, jute or other materials.
This is then mounted and passed through a tufting machine which, in simple terms, operates like a giant sewing machine with hundreds of needles mounted side by side on a bar.
Pile yarn is threaded through the each needle and the needles move down simultaneously, forcing the yarns through the primary backing.
Beneath each needle is a hook-like device called a lopper which catches the tuft as the needle retracts, thus forming a loop.
The pile height is determined by the distance between the looper and the backing.
In the case of loop-pile tufting, the looper retracts, releasing the yearn loop.
In the case of cut-pile tufting, each looper has an accompanying knife blade which acts against its side in a scissor-like action.
Several loops at a time are held on the looper, the knife always cutting the loop farthest along it.
The tufting operation is repeated 450-650 times per minute, thus producing a carpet upside down.
HIGH AND LOW LOOP DESIGN
If the yarn feed to a particular needle is reduced a low loop will result.
By feeding yarn at two or three speeds, in a controlled way, patterns can be formed by the different pile heights.
Different coloured yarns, next to each other, can be brought into the pattern effect using a high loop, or removed from sight by a low loop close to the backing fabric.
To control the supply of yarn at different tensions various electronic or mechanical pattern attachments are used, varying in complexity and versatility.
A further enhancement of this technique is that of shearing, where the ‘tips’ are cut off leaving a cut and loop pile finish. The primary backing material is then coated in latex which anchors the pile yarn in place. If the carpet is to be secondary backed type a layer of jute or polypropylene is applied whilst the latex is still wet, ensuring a firm bond and giving extra stability to the carpet.
In the case of foam backed carpet a foamed latex coating is applied in an accurately measured thickness.
This provides additional support and an integral cushion underlay.
Modern technology permits a wide variation in foam density and composition. The greatest disadvantage of the tufting process is the colour limitation.
Some plain carpets are tufted using pre-dyed yarn, but coloured carpets are usually produced using white yarn that is completely dyed, or a pattern is sprayed onto the surface.
This type of floor covering is also known as needle loom or needle felt.
Unlike other types of carpet it does not usually have a pile, but a fibrous, felt-like surface.
Layers of lose fibres are placed on the backing material or scrim and punched by barbed needles which oscillate up and down
The underside of the carpet is then covered with a layer of latex, bitumen or PVC.
Needlepunch floor coverings are produced either as continuous lengths of conventional width roll stock or as carpet tiles.
Jumbo cord is a ribbed Needlepunch type carpet with a light gel foam backing.
BONDED CARPET (Including Adhesive Bonded)
Bonding is a process of securing pile yarn or fibres to the surface of a pre-manufactured backing material.
This is most frequently achieved with adhesives or by applying heat to fuse the fibres to the backing materials.
A popular example of adhesive bonded carpets is non-woven cords where the fibres are pressed into a rigid form and then bonded to a hessian backing with latex adhesive.
Common styles and textures:
A cut pile carpet made from yarn which has a high degree of twist or ‘kinkiness’.
This gives the pile an overall textured effect.
It can be produced by either the weaving or tufting process and is generally a plain carpet.
SCULPTURED/CUT & LOOP:
This style combines cut pile and loop pile of varying height which creates a subtle patterned effect.
Shadow styles are produced by using darker tones on the base of the pile.
Gradually lightening towards the top. This is produced as a tufted carpet.
A cut pile carpet in which the tufts are tightly packed and closely sheared, resulting in a very smooth velvety appearance.
Velour carpet can be produced by both the weaving and tufting process and is generally a plain carpet.
Many plain Wiltons are made with a velour finish.
BERBER & CORD:
The Berber was originally made from undyed wool by nomadic Berber tribesman of North Africa.
Today this name is used to describe a style of carpet, usually loop pile, which has this natural ‘flecked’ effect.
Cords have a fine gauge low level loop pile with very hard wearing qualities and a very dense finish.
AXMINSTER & WILTON
These are the two different types of traditionally woven carpet where backing and piles are interwoven together in manufacture.
This process is very lengthy and costly but gives a superb finish.
The Axminster method of weaving allows carpet designers to use an almost unlimited number of colours.
Wiltons, which tend to be plain or tonal, may come in a variety of textures, i.e. twist pile, cut pile and even sculptured.
SAXONY & SHAG PILE:
Saxony is a cut pile carpet made with densely packed relatively long tufts which give a luxurious feel and appearance.
The Shag pile is a cut pile carpet made with extra long tufts-very luxurious but generally not suitable for areas of very hard wear.
Choosing the colour or the pattern of a carpet is a very subjective exercise.
It depends on the personal taste of the customer and the existing style of the customer’s home.
It can be traditional, modern, or any combination of the two.
The floor is normally a large area and it is important to remember that a carpet will dominate the room.
The carpet cannot be easily changed as the colour of the walls.
As a general rule a plain coloured carpet forms a quieter background to the décor, particularly if it is similar shade to the furnishings.
Alternately, a colour which contrasts to the carpet can be very effective.
Plain carpet offers a great deal of scope, allowing the use of more adventurous patterns in soft furnishings and wall coverings.
Choosing a patterned carpet requires more care. Too many patterns in a room can look fussy and confused.
The larger the pattern, the more it will dominate, whereas a small patterned carpet can have the affect of almost looking plain if the area is reasonable size.
In general it is worth bearing in mind that the larger design; the larger the room must be in order to achieve the desired effect.
There is no definite relationship between room and pattern size. The best known of this type of effect is that of striped material which exaggerates length in the direction of the stripes.
A long narrow room can be widened by laying striped carpet across the width of the room.
In rooms where there is little furniture, a boldly patterned carpet can look stunning and become the focal point of the room.
A small room can be made to look more spacious with a lighter shade of carpet.
A large room can look cosier by using a warmer colour.
North facing rooms that get little or no sunlight can be warmed up by using reddish tones.
Bright sunlit rooms can be cooler with blue/green tones.
Few people give much thought to the backing of their carpet.
After all, once it is down you don’t see it, walk on it or clean it and yet it is very important its strength and construction holds the carpet together and provided the foundation on which your carpet is made.
In Axminster and Wilton carpets, the backing is woven in at the same time as the pile, forming an integral part of the carpet. In tufted carpets there is a primary backing into which the yarn is tufted.
An adhesive coating, usually latex, is then applied which bonds the tufts to the primary backing, holding them firmly in place.
An additional backing is then applied to give extra strength and stability.
The additional backing on a tufted carpet may be one of two types. Carpets with a secondary backing require a separate underlay and are fitted in the sane way as woven carpet.
Many tufted carpet have a built-in underlay or felt back to prevent adhesion to the floor.
Carpets originated in Asia where they are known to have been used for over 2000 years! These early carpets were rough cured skins. These were introduced to Europe by the Crusaders.
By the 17th Century, carpet manufacturing was well established in France and Spain.
The early 18th century saw the first woven loop carpets produced in England. The Earl of Pembroke employed Flemish weavers to set up production of their ‘Brussels’ carpets at his home in Wilton.
Hand-knotted carpets came into England from France around 1750 and were made in London, Axminster and Wilton.
In 1801, Joseph Marie Jacquard of Lyon, France exhibited a revolutionary device for patterned loom weaving. His invention simplified the weaving process by rendering the designs permanently on punch cards, enabling the constant repetitions of set designs.
The first Jacquard loom arrived in England in 1825 and has basically remained unchanged to this day. Kidderminster became the centre or carpet manufacturing in England.
The beginning of the 20th century saw the scale implementation of knotting looms, followed by many refinements to traditional weaving processes.
A very significant development was that of tufting, a complete departure from traditional weaving. It originated in the USA and arrived in Britain after the Second World War. These new fast machines were able to produce affordable carpeting at a time when the public wished to furnish their ‘modern’ homes with fitted carpets.
The development of broadloom carpets made fitted carpeting available to a larger population.
In 1947 the first man-made fibre was used in carpet pile in the United Kingdom.
The early 50’s saw the large scale introduction of synthetic fibres into both the woven and tufted industry. Increasingly sophisticated forms of nylon and acrylic began to appear. Chemical technology was also applied to methods of dyeing and latex application.
In 1960 the first 80% wool/ 20% nylon blends were used and in 1964 the widespread introduction of screen printed tufted carpets came about. Development and use of polypropylene for carpet backing arrived in the 1970’s.
Chemical advancements include the formation of soil resistant and stain release treatments.
Today the carpet industry can be proud of its growth since its humble beginning in the 18th century.